In 2017 it is disheartening to see that young women, the world over, are still subjected to the influence of the hyperfeminine stereotype.
From the sexualised variants found in advertising, to the comical and submissive supporting roles on television and film, hyperfemininity – which portrays women as passive, naive, soft, graceful, and nurturing – has been caricatured and fictionalised since the dawn of creativity.
With this in mind, it is no surprise that the realm of literature is no exception. As a medium used by most as an escape, a means to educate, or promote a message, the world of young adult (YA) literature sometimes gives us self-sacrificing heroines, helpless noblewomen, and those who bide their time until their prince arrives (we’re looking at you Bella).
Despite a tendency to reinforce gender stereotypes, YA literature has also given us examples of strong teens, young adults, and freethinkers who provide an anti-type for the next generation of women to aspire to.
Here are five examples of strong female heroines from YA fiction, who encourage independence and promote girl power.
1. Starr Carter, The Hate U Give
When her best friend Khalil is shot down by a white police officer, Starr has a choice – either reveal her best friend’s killer or keep her friends and family safe.
Starr’s choice not only reveals the rampant class struggle evident in today’s America, but the makings of a fearless teenager whose sense of right and wrong is paramount to her own identity.
2. Liesel Meminger, The Book Thief
Spanning decades, The Book Thief brings to life the experiences of Liesel, an adopted nine-year old who lives with Hans and Rosa Hubermann in Nazi Germany during the rise of the Third Reich and the onset of WWII.
Distraught over the loss of her family, Liesel’s life is made even more difficult when she is bullied for not being able to read. But, through perseverance and the kindness of Hans, she soon discovers the power of words. Liesel begins to steal books deemed illegal by the Nazi Party and eventually starts writing her own stories.
Liesel shares her stories with Max, a Jewish former fist-fighter being sheltered by the Hubermanns at the height of the holocaust. Together they find freedom and redemption
3. Grace Dawn, Mazin Grace
Award-winning Mazin Grace explores themes of childhood and young womanhood at Koonibba Lutheran Mission in South Australia, through the eyes of Grace Dawn.
Set in the 1940s and 50s, Grace – a fictionalised version of the author’s mother – is the daughter of an unknown Caucasian father and Indigenous mother. Grace begins the search for her father after episodes of bullying and near excommunication lead her contemplate suicide.
The novel tackles difficult themes, including Australia’s colonial history, and highlights the intelligence, resilience and perseverance of its central character, despite the external pressures she faces from her peers, family and society.
4. Jade Moon, The Fire Horse Girl
The Fire Horse Girl follows the life of young protagonist, Jade Moon. Jade is born during the Chinese year of the Fire Horse – a bad omen – and her family believes their daughter is destined to be stubborn, wilful, and far too imaginative.
Jade is given the chance to leave China and move to the United States when her father meets an American, Sterling Promise, who paints a picture of prosperity beyond the confines of their village.
However, Jade’s journey is thwarted by deceit and she soon realises she must use those traits considered by her family as negative to free herself from the chains of tradition and from men who want to use her as kindling to stoke the flames of their desires.
Jade has to use her all bravery and will to get into America and survive there.
5. Katniss Everdeen, The Hunger Games
And how could we miss out Katniss Everdeen? Katniss lives in a dystopian reality in which a wealthy Capitol city, run by dictator President Snow, exerts both wealth and power over 12 underprivileged and impoverished districts of a post-apocalyptic world.
After volunteering to take her sister’s place in the 74th Hunger Games – a fight-to-the-death competition with an aim to entertain the ‘haves’ and to remind the ‘have nots’ of their place and purpose – this 16-year-old endures a journey of difficult choices and near-death experiences.
Katniss is capable and self-sacrificing and leads a rebellion that sees an army of slaves rise up against their oppressor.
Agree with the heroines we chose for this blog? Who would you add?