In August 2017 the Myanmar military launched a campaign of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya people.The issue in depth
The Issue In Depth
Everything you need to know
Who are the Rohingya?
The Rohingya are a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority. Though they have lived in Myanmar for generations, the Myanmar government insists that all Rohingyas are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.
In Myanmar, a system of institutionalised discrimination and segregation severely restricts the human rights of Rohingya people, and amounts to an apartheid state. The Myanmar government has prosecuted and systematically discriminated against them for decades, denying them citizenship, education, and basic human rights.
Ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity
In August 2017 the Myanmar military responded to attacks by a Rohingya armed group by unleashing a wave of violence against ordinary men, women and children.
Thousands of Rohingya people have died or lost their homes in a systemic campaign of ethnic cleansing. A UN report of the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Mynamar released in August 2018 stated that military leaders in the country must face charges of genocide.Close
Who is responsible?
The Myanmar military's ethnic cleansing campaign against the Rohingya people has been relentless and systematic.Read More
Crimes against humanity
Our research shows the grave crimes committed against the Rohingya people were not the actions of a few rogue soldiers or units, but part of a tightly controlled operation, involving members of the military at all levels. Responsibility for these crimes extends to the very top of the chain of command – so too must justice and accountability.
The Rohingya still living in Rakhine State do so under an apartheid state and continue to face systematic denial of their rights.
Australia is complicit in the violence against and repression of the Rohingya people – quietly funding the Mynamar military while forces continue to commit crimes against humanity.
The US and a number of countries in the European Union have taken steps to sanction senior military leaders, while the UK has cut ties all together.
It’s Australia’s turn to take a stand.
Thousands of Rohingya women in Bangladesh’s refugee camps are the survivors of a campaign of systematic sexual violence by the Myanmar military.
They don’t have access to the help they desperately need because the international community has failed to fund adequate services. These women need access to psychological and social support, as well as sexual and reproductive health care, so they can rebuild the lives they deserve.
The Australian government can provide funding through the humanitarian program to ensure survivors of sexual violence have access to psychosocial support and sexual and reproductive health services.
Survivors of the Myanmar military’s crimes have no access to justice. Myanmar’s justice system fails consistently to prosecute the perpetrators of crimes, and impunity for human rights violations is rife.
The brutal crimes of the Myanmar military must be referred to the International Criminal Court and the perpetrators held to account. As a member of the Human Rights Council, the Australian Government has the power to put these crimes on the international agenda.Close
Australia can do more
The Australian government should push for the Myanmar military to be held to account, and ensure survivors get the support they need to rebuild their lives.Read More
We want to see the Australian Government:
- cease its support and assistance for the Myanmar military
- impose targeted sanctions on 13 military officials implicated in the atrocities
- fund services to support women who have survived sexual violence
- push for accountability and justice for crimes against humanity committed against the Rohingya people.